Section 117 of GST – Appeal to High Court. In this GST Section you may find all details for Appeal to High Court as per GST Act 2017. Detailed Analysis of GST Section 117 of GST Act 2017. We Provide Complete Details for All GST Section’s and In this article you may find all details for GST Section 117.
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Section 117 of GST – Appeal to High Court
(1) Any person aggrieved by any order passed by the State Bench or Area Benches of the Appellate Tribunal may file an appeal to the High Court and the High Court may admit such appeal if it is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law.
(2) An appeal under sub-section (1) shall be filed within one hundred and eighty days from the date on which the order appealed against is received by the aggrieved person and it shall be in such form verified in such manner as may be prescribed;
Provided that the High Court may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not filing it within such period.
(3) Where the High Court is satisfied that a substantial question of law is involved in any case, it shall formulate that question and the appeal shall be heard only on the question so formulated, and the respondents shall, at the hearing of the appeal, be allowed to argue that the case does not involve such question:
Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to take away or abridge the power of the Court to hear, for reasons to be recorded, the appeal on any other substantial question of law not formulated by it, if it is satisfied that the case involves such question.
(4) The High Court shall decide the question of law so formulated and deliver such judgment thereon containing the grounds on which such decision is founded and may award such cost as it deems fit.
(5) The High Court may determine any issue which –
- (a) has not been determined by the State Bench or Area Benches; or
- (b) has been wrongly determined by the State Bench or Area Benches, by reason of a decision on such question of law as herein referred to in sub-section (3).
(6) When an appeal has been filed before the High Court, it shall be heard by a bench of not less than two Judges of the High Court, and shall be decided in accordance with the opinion of such Judges or of the majority, if any, of such Judges.
(7) Where there is no such majority, the Judges shall state the point of law upon which they differ and the case shall, then, be heard upon that point only, by one or more of the other Judges of the High Court and such point shall be decided according to the opinion of the majority of the Judges who have heard the case including those who first heard it.
(8) Where the High Court delivers a judgment in an appeal filed before it under this section, effect shall be given to such judgment by either side on the basis of a certified copy of the judgment.
(9) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, relating to appeals to the High Court shall, as far as may be, apply in the case of appeals under this section.
Analysis and Updates
(i) This section provides for appeal to High Court by any person aggrieved by an order passed by State Bench or Area Benches.
- (i) The High Court may admit an appeal if it is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law
- (ii) No appeal shall lie before a High Court if such order is passed by National Bench or Regional Benches. In other words, appeal shall be filed before High Court if such order is passed by State bench or Area benches of the Appellate Tribunal.
- (iii) Appeal has to be filed in the Form GST APL 08, precisely stating the substantial question of law involved, within 180 days from the date of receipt of order appealed against accompanied by prescribed fee.
- (iv) The High Court is empowered to condone the delay in filing appeal.
- (v) On being satisfied, High Court shall formulate a substantial question of law.
- (vi) Appeal to be heard only on the question so formulated and the respondent shall be allowed to argue that the case does not involve such question.
- (vii) The High Court may hear the appeal on any other substantial question of law not formulated by it after satisfying, for reasons to be recorded, of involvement of such question in the case.
- (viii) The High Court may determine any issue which has not been determined or has been wrongly determined by the State Bench or Area Benches.
- (ix) Appeal to be heard by a Bench of not less than 2 Judges of High Court and shall be decided in accordance with the majority of opinion of such Judges.
- (x) Difference of opinion on any point shall be referred to one or more of the other Judges of High Court and such point shall be decided according to the opinion of majority of Judges who have heard the case including those who first heard it.
- (xi) The effect of judgment of High Court shall be given on the basis of a certified copy of the judgment.
- (xii) The provisions of Code of Civil Procedure relating to appeals to High Court shall apply to appeals under this section.
- (xiii) Revision petition under section 114 is NOT the same as judicial review under article 226/227 before the High Court.
(i) Section 35G of the Central Excise Act,1944
Frequently Asked Questions
Any appeal filed before High Court shall be heard by a bench consisting how many judges of High Court?
An appeal filed before the Honourable High Court shall be heard by judges consisting of not less than two judges.
Q1. The High Court may admit an appeal if the case involves a substantial question of fact
Ans. (b) False
Q2. An appeal involving a matter, where two or more States or a State and Centre have a difference of views regarding place of supply, shall lie to High Court
Ans. (a) True
Q3. An appeal before High Court shall be filed within
(a) 6 months from date of order
(b) 6 months from date of communication of order
(c) 180 days from date of order
(d) 180 days from date of communication of order
Ans. (d) 180 days from date of communication of order
Q4. The High Court can condone the delay in filing appeal for a period up to
(a) 1 Month
(c) Without any time limit
(d) No condonation powers
Ans. (c) Without any time limit
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