Composition Scheme under GST: The composition scheme under the GST regime is a method of levy of tax designed for small taxpayers whose turnover is up to Rs. 1.5 crore. It is an optional scheme and not all taxpayers are eligible to opt for this.

The basic eligibility criteria to opt for Composition scheme is to small taxpayers whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year did not cross Rs. 1.5 crore. Following is a list of persons who cannot avail the Composition Scheme.

The word ‘composition’ comes from the Latin componere, meaning “put together”. It is a feature of Indirect Tax laws that in order to provide a comfort to assessee from complying with the requirement of paying tax on value addition by maintaining detail of ‘inputs’ and ‘outputs’, an option is provided to go for a put together scheme.

The GST law provides the option of availing the benefit of Composition Levy to small businesses.The objective of composition scheme is to bring simplicity and to reduce the compliance cost for the small taxpayers. Moreover, it is optional and the eligible person opting to pay tax under this scheme can pay tax at a prescribed percentage of his turnover every quarter, instead of paying tax at normal rate.

Composition Scheme Under GST

Please Note – The threshold for composition scheme will be increased to Rs. 1.5 crore (from earlier 1 crore)

Who cannot opt for Composition Scheme

The following people cannot opt for the scheme:

  • Taxpayer supplying exempt supplies.
  • Supplier of services other than restaurant related services
  • Manufacturer of ice cream, pan masala, or tobacco
  • Casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person
  • Businesses which supply goods through an e-commerce operator

GST Council 23rd Meeting Highlights (10-11-2017)

  • i. Uniform rate of tax @ 1% under composition scheme for manufacturers and traders (for traders, turnover will be counted only for supply of taxable goods). No change for composition scheme for restaurant.
  • ii. Supply of services by Composition taxpayer upto Rs 5 lakh per annum will be allowed by exempting the same
  • iii. Annual turnover eligibility for composition scheme will be increased to Rs 1.5 crore from the present limit of Rupees 1 crore under the law. Thereafter, eligibility for composition will be increased to Rs. 1.5 Crore per annum.
  • iv. The changes recommended by GST Council at (iii) above will be implemented only after the necessary amendment of the CGST Act and SGST Acts.

How to Opt Composition Scheme?

Various Scenarios of opting the schemeHow to optEffective date for Composition
The taxable person migrating to GST from previous regimeCan opt by filing FORM GST CMP-01 not later than 30 days or such further period as may be extended, from the Appointed date.Effective from Appointed date
Person taking new registration under GSTCan opt at the time of obtaining registration in Part B of FORM GST REG-01Effective form the date of registration
A registered person under GST opting for composition schemeMay opt by filing FORM GST CMP-02 prior to commencement of FY for which option is exercisedEffective from the beginning of the financial year
The taxable person migrating to GST from previous regime and Person taking new registration under GST (one time) but opting for Composition Scheme after the appointed date or his date of registrationBy filing intimation in FORM GST CMP-02Effective from the first day of the month immediately succeeding the month in which he files an intimation

Any registered person who has availed of input tax credit and also opts to pay tax under Composition Scheme, then, such person shall be required to pay an amount equivalent to the credit of input tax in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock and on capital goods, reduced by such percentage points as may be prescribed, on the day immediately preceding the date of exercising of such option. However, if after such payment any balance of input tax credit is left lying in his electronic credit ledger, such balance shall lapse. Statement of such input tax shall be filed in Form GST ITC-03.


(1) Who can opt for composition Levy?

A registered person whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year did not exceed seventy five lakh rupees may opt to pay, in lieu tax at the normal rates, tax at such rate as prescribed under composition levy

I. The threshold for composition scheme will be increased to Rs. 1.5 crore (from earlier 1 crore)

(2) Following persons will not be eligible to opt the composition scheme even conditions as mentioned in serial number 1 are fulfilled by them

  • (a) He is engaged in making supply of services (i.e. service providers)
  • (b) He is engaged in making any supply of goods which are not leviable under the GST
  • (c) He is engaged in making any inter-state sales of goods
  • (d) He is engaged in making any supply of goods through an electronic commerce operator and is required to collect tax at source.
  • (e) He is a manufacturer of such goods as may be notified by the Government.

Where more than one registered persons are having same permanent account number (PAN), the registered person shall not be eligible to opt for Composition Levy unless all such registered persons opt to pay tax under the said composition levy.

Notwithstanding anything contained in serial number 2(a) above, a registered person engaged in any supply, by way of or as part of any service or in any other manner whatsoever, of goods, being food or any other article for human consumption or any drink (other than alcoholic liquor for human consumption), where such supply or service is for cash, deferred payment or other valuable consideration, may opt for composition Levy.

Returns under Composition Scheme:

The persons paying tax under composition scheme are required to pay tax on quarterly basis and also required to file a quarterly return in FORM GSTR-4 by the 18th of the month following the end of the quarter instead of any statement of outward or inward supplies. The proper officer may cancel the registration where the said person has not furnished returns for three consecutive tax periods. Registered person opting for composition levy have to file Annual Return in FORM GSTR-9A.

(3) Rate of tax under composition Levy

S.NoNature of activity of supplierRate of Tax
1Manufacturers, other than manufacturers of such goods as may be notified by the Government1%
2Suppliers making supplies referred to in clause (b) of paragraph 6 of Schedule II2.50%
3Any other supplier eligible for composition levy.50%

Please note – As per the 23rd GST Council Meet, the GST rate for manufacturers is going to be reduced from 2% to 1%.


A registered person opting for composition scheme shall not issue a tax invoice. He shall issue a BILL OF SUPPLY containing various details as given below:

  • (a) Name, address and GSTIN of the supplier
  • (b) a consecutive serial number not exceeding sixteen characters, in one or multiple series, containing alphabets or numerals or special characters -hyphen or dash and slash symbolised as “-” and “/” respectively, and any combination thereof, unique for a financial year
  • (c) date of its issue
  • (d) name, address and Goods and Services Tax Identification Number or Unique Identity Number, if registered, of the recipient
  • (e) Harmonised System of Nomenclature Code for goods or services
  • (f) description of goods or services or both
  • (g) value of supply of goods or services or both taking into account discount or abatement, if any; and
  • (h) signature or digital signature of the supplier or his authorised representative

Registered person may not issue a bill of supply if the value of the goods or services or both supplied is less than two hundred rupees. The person shall mention the words “composition taxable person, not eligible to collect tax on supplies” at the top of the bill of supply issued by him. The person shall mention the words “composition taxable person” on every notice or signboard displayed at a prominent place at his principal place of business and at every additional place or places of business.

Validity and Withdrawal

The option exercised by registered person to pay tax under composition scheme shall remain valid so long as he satisfies all the conditions. He may not file a fresh intimation every year and he may continue to pay tax under the said section subject to the provisions of the Act and these rules.

The option to pay tax under composition scheme lapses from the day on which his aggregate turnover during the financial year exceeds the specified limit (Rs. 1 Cr/Rs. 75 lakhs) or he ceases to satisfy any of the conditions of this Scheme. He is required to file an intimation for withdrawal from the scheme in FORM GST CMP04 within seven days from the day on which the threshold limit has been crossed. A registered person paying tax under this scheme may also voluntarily opt out by filing FORM GST CMP-04.

Benefits of Registering under GST Composition Scheme

Below are some of the prominent reasons why you should choose to get registered as a supplier under the composition scheme:

  • Limited Compliance:  Under the composition scheme, the taxpayer is required to furnish quarterly return only, and thus he need not worry on record keeping and can focus on his business more rather than being occupied in compliance procedures.
  • Limited Tax Liability: Another benefit of getting registered under the composition scheme is that the tax rate for such taxpayer is nominal under the GST Law.

GST Composition Scheme Formats

Form No.Description
GST CMP-01Intimation to pay tax under section 10 (composition levy) (Only for persons registered under the existing law migrating on the appointed day)
GST CMP-02Intimation to pay tax under section 10 (composition levy) (For persons registered under the Act)
GST CMP-03Intimation of details of stock on date of opting for composition levy (Only for persons registered under the existing law migrating on the appointed day)
GST CMP-04Intimation/Application for withdrawal from composition Levy
GST CMP-05Notice for denial of option to pay tax under section 10
GST CMP-06Reply to the notice to show cause
GST CMP-07Order for acceptance / rejection of reply to show cause notice

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