Statutory Bank Audit: Audit Planning and Sample Check list: Banking is a dynamic activity which has constantly been undergoing change. The recent past has witnessed the banking industry becoming the focus of attention towards its capital requirement and the growing number of non-performing assets. Being the backbone of the economy, it is essential that the banking industry remains healthy and robust. Auditing within its scope of work contributes actively by ensuring proper financial reporting and disclosure aspects of the banking industry.
Audit based on sound knowledge of business of the auditee is essential. The auditors of banks should familiarise themselves thoroughly with the changes in operations of banks. One must keep themselves abreast with the latest developments in the banking sector including activities of regulator RBI.
Considering the computerization in Banking Industry, Auditors must plan their audit in systematic way to understand and discharge the duties of auditors in the available time frame.
Statutory Bank Audit
In present scenario of Audit of Branches of Banks the most important aspect is proper planning. Planning means advance thinking and that should be done based on knowledge of the business. As a Chartered Accountant, we have knowledge of the business of bank but study of the Composition of Business of a particular branch which is under audit is necessary. Because of variety of products, you cannot apply the same yardstick for the branches under audit.
Today, the whole process of banking is computerized however; the Audit Report is required to be signed manually after physical checking of records, documents, and accounts maintained under CBS. This is a combination of men and machine where basic accounting data is in the soft form while supporting are available physically for checking. We as a Chartered Accountant and Auditor need to select the sample based on various things:
- 1) Appointment letter
- 2) RBI Circulars
- 3) Bank’s Closing Circular
- 4) ICAI Guidance Note
- 5) Basic knowledge of Allied Laws to carry out effective audit.
Statutory Bank Audit Sample Check list
Call for the following information / records / details / evidences for the purposes of Statutory audit of Bank:
- (1) Closing circular issued to the branch / reference in their website to download the same.
- (2) The extent, size and specialization of the branch
- (3) The profile of the branch and performance in the past two years.
- (4) Comparative analysis of movement of interest income and expenses vis a vis advances and deposits respectively for two years.
- (5) List of top borrowers accounts accounting for 2% of the advances of the branch or Rs.1 crore whichever is lower, covering at least 60% of advances of the branch.
- (6) Copies of last three months Concurrent Audit Reports ( if covered under Concurrent Audit)
- (7) Copy of the summary sheet of the last Inspection Report.
- (8) Copy of Revenue Audit Report, if any.
- (9) Copy of IT Audit Report, if any.
- (10) Copy of vigilance enquiry or any special investigation reports.
- (11) Details of fresh advances made during the year.
- (12) Details of major weaknesses, if any, persisting in the branch
- (13) List of Potential NPA Accounts – For quarter ending December.
- (14) Details of loan accounts restructured during the year.
- (15) Details of advances which are pending renewal for more than 3 months.
- (16) Details of advance accounts wherein stock statements are not received for 3 months.
- (17) List of NPA accounts wherein the valuation reports are older than 3 years.
- (18) List of non-corporate entities with working capital limits in excess of Rs. 10 lakhs.
- (19) List of borrowers accounts which underwent CDR during the year.
- (20) List of accounts where recoveries are made, where DICGC / ECGC claims have been received.
- (21) Details of expired Letters of Credit / Guarantees.
- (22) Details of Invoked Guarantees / Letters of Credit and treatment thereof.
- (23) List of off balance sheet items and contingent liabilities, if any.
- (24) Details of suspense and sundry entries beyond 1 year.
- (25) Details of fraud by employee or outsiders, against the bank during the year.
- (26) List of recoveries in NPA accounts and appropriation thereof.
- (27) Details of legal expenses incurred and accounting in the books.
- (28) Details for Long Form Audit Report, including Annexures for advances above Rs.2 crore
- (29) Details for Tax Audit under section 44AB of Income Tax Act, with specific reference to additions to fixed assets.
- (30) Details of section wise tax deducted and remitted including date of deduction, date of remittance and delay if any. TDS mapping for deduction and remittance.
- (31) Certificate from branch management that TDS has been duly deducted and remitted as per provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961
- (32) Details for furnishing various certificates.
- (33) Date when the audit could be commenced.
Proforma Management Representation Letter to obtain the management’s assurance that the financial statements and other information furnished for furnishing certificates are truly and correctly prepared and presented by the branch management to the branch Statutory auditors.
To carry out an effective audit with minimum risk, the first and foremost important thing is plan based on knowledge of business. Once this is done the sample selection and execution of the audit is your own judgment. Thereafter, reporting with appropriate disclosures is necessary to safeguard your own interest. Since the time and resources are limited, control the whole Audit Process to have effective delegation. You may trust your assistants, staff etc. but verify the trust to deliver accurate complete and timely Audit Report.