Income from Capital Gains, Short and Long Term Capital Gain. Capital gains are something which you will hand over to your tax advisor, considering a range of provision and exemptions. However, you need to have a certain understanding with respect to capital gain and their taxability and exemptions thereto. This will help you plan your investments better considering the taxability aspect.
Income from Capital Gains, Short and Long Term Capital Gain
What is meant by capital gain?Capital gain refers to gain or profit, arising out of the sale of any capital asset. Let’s understand the assets which are excluded from the definition of capital assets.
- Any stock or inventory or consumables on hand with respect to business or profession
- Personal effects such as clothes, cooking utensils, etc. (however, it excludes jewellery, drawings, paintings, any work of art etc.)
- Agricultural land in rural area (please refer definition of rural area as per Income Tax Act)
- Gold bonds or Gold Defense bonds issued by the central government
- Special bearer bonds
- Gold Deposit Bond issued as per Gold Deposit Scheme.
What are types of capital gains?
Long term capital gainWith respect to shares and securities as well as units of ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme), UTI or Zero Coupon Bonds These will be considered as long term capital assets, if the holding period is more than 12 months or an year. In such cases, the gain arising out of sale of above said assets would be termed as long term capital gain. There are some unique passive income ideas you must try. With respect to any other capital asset
Short Term capital gainWith respect to shares and securities as well as units of ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme), UTI or Zero Coupon Bonds
- Long term capital gain on equity shares and ELSS units is exempted.
- Other long term capital gains can be exempted if the taxpayer has complied with the conditions. For e.g. section 54 can be availed if the new residential property is acquired after selling the old property (within the time limit as prescribed).
- Long term capital gains enjoy the benefit of indexation for cost of acquisition and cost of improvement if any.
- Long term capital gains are taxed @ 20% with indexation benefit, however, short term capital gains are taxable @ 15%.
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