Category Archives: Finance

IFRS – What is IFRS?, Accounting principles and applicability of IFRS


What is IFRS? – Statements of International Accounting Standards issued by the Board of the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) (1973-2001) are designated as International Accounting Standards (IAS). However, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) announced in April 2001 that its Accounting Standards would be designated as ‘International Financial Reporting Standards’ (IFRS). IASB publishes its Standards […]

TDS – TDS Rates, How to pay TDS, Consequences for Failure


TDS (Tax Deducted at Source). Introduction of TDS. The concept of TDS was introduced with an aim to collect tax from the very source of income. As per this concept, a person (deductor) who is liable to make payment of specified nature to any other person (deductee) shall deduct tax at source and remit the […]

Contingent Asset – meaning, definition, explanation with examples

Contingent Asset

A contingent asset may be defined as a possible asset that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only after occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the enterprise. It usually arises from unplanned or unexpected events that give rise to the possibility […]

Contingent Liability – meaning, definition, explanation with examples

Contingent Liability

A contingent liability is a possible obligation arising from past events and may arise in future depending on the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events. A contingent liability may also be a present obligation that arises from past events. It represents a potential obligation that could be created depending on the […]

Deferred Revenue Expenditure – Meaning, Definition, Example

Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Deferred revenue expenditure is that expenditure for which payment has been made or a liability incurred but which is carried forward on the presumption that it will be of benefit over a subsequent period or periods. In short, it refers to that expenditure that is, for the time being, deferred from being charged against income. […]

Cash Book – Meaning, Types of Cash Book, explanation with examples

Cash Book

Cash Book – Every business activity ultimately result in cash, therefore, recording of transaction involving cash must be recorded in a separate journal. This journal is called cash book. It may be defined as the record of transaction relating to receipt of and payment in cash. Meaning of Cash Book A Cash Book is a special […]

Trial Balance – Meaning, Features, Preparation, Purpose, Types

Trial Balance

Trial Balance – We know that the fundamental principle of Double Entry System id accounting is that for every debit, there must be a corresponding credit, thus, for every debit or a series of debits given to one or several accounts, there is a corresponding credit or a series of credit of n equal amount […]

Petty Cash Book – Meaning, Cash Book Vs petty cash Book (all details)

Petty Cash Book

Petty Cash Book – The cash book as seen above is used for recording all major payments. But, in every business a number of petty (small) Payment like that for postage, carriage, stationery, entertainment, cartage, conveyance etc. are paid frequently even in a single day. If all these petty expenses are to be recorded in the […]

Journal – Rules of Journalizing, Functions, Explanation & Examples

CAknowledge Financial Dictionary

Journal Introduction:- The word ‘Journal means’ a daily record. Journal is derived from French word ‘Jour’ which means a day. It is a book of original or prime entry written up from the various sources documents. Every transaction is recorded in the first instance and than it is posted to the ledger. The form in […]