GST – What is GST, Meaning of GST, Historical background of GST

Definition of GST – “GST is a tax on  goods and services with value addition at each stage having  comprehensive and continuous chain of set of benefits from the  producer’s / service provider’s point up to the retailers level where  only the final consumer should bear the tax.”

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What is GST

  • Goods and services tax means a tax on supply of goods or services, or both, except taxes on supply of alcoholic liquor for human consumption (Article 366 (12A) of Constitution of India).
  • GST is a value added tax levy on sale or service or both.
  • GST is a destination based consumption tax.
  • GST offers comprehensive and continuous chain of tax credit.
  • GST where burden borne by final consumer.
  • GST eliminate cascading effect of tax.
  • GST brings uniform tax structure all over India.

Meaning of GST

Clause 366(12A) of the Constitution Bill defines GST as “goods and services tax” means any tax on supply of goods, or services or both except taxes on the supply of the alcoholic liquor for human consumption. Further the clause 366(26A) of the Bill defines “Services” means anything other than Goods. Thus it can be said that GST is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and services at a national level. The proposed tax will be levied on all transactions involving supply of goods and services, except those which are kept out of its purview.

Historical background of GST

Goods and Service Tax was first recommended by Kelkar Task Force on implementation of Fiscal Reforms and Budget Management Act 2004 but the First  Discussion Paper on Goods and Services Tax in India was presented by  the Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers dtd.10th Nov.10th,  2009.

In 2011, the Constitution (115th Amendment) Bill, 2011 was introduced in Parliament to enable the levy of GST. However, the Bill lapsed with the dissolution of the 15th Lok Sabha.

Subsequently, in December 2014, the Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill, 2014 was introduced in Lok Sabha. The Bill was passed by Lok Sabha in May 2015 and referred to a Select Committee of Rajya Sabha for examination.


  • (a) One Nation One Tax.
  • (b) Removal of bundled indirect taxes such as VAT, CST, Service tax, CAD, SAD, and Excise.
  • (c) Removal of cascading effect of taxes i.e. removes tax on tax.
  • (d) Increased ease of doing business;
  • (e) Lower cost of production, increases demand will lead to increase supply. Hence, this will ultimately lead to rise in the production of goods. Resultantly boost to make in India initiative.
  • (f) It will boost export and manufacturing activity, generate more employment and thus increase GDP with gainful employment leading to substantive economic growth;