Cost Sheet in Existing Tax Regime & GST Regime: GST is scheduled to be rolled out in this year and one need to be fully equipped with the laws and rules to take care of our stakeholders. GST collection is estimated to be around 20 to 22 lakh crores per annum and the professional opportunities to cater to the clients are enormous. It is estimated that the Professional opportunities could be to the tune of Rs. 20,000 crores per annum. Our profession being, “Partners in Nation Building” has a pivotal role to play in successfully implementing the new legislation.

The white paper was sanguine that implementation of VAT will bring down the prices of goods due to rationalization of tax rates and abolition of cascading tax effects in the legacy systems. But there was no system to monitor this impact and ensure that the benefits were indeed being passed on to the common man.

We selected a basket of goods and checked the records of 13 manufacturers in a state in three initial months of implementation of VAT, to check its impact on prices. We found that manufacturers did not reduce the maximum retail prices (MRP) after introduction of VAT though there was substantial reduction of tax rates. The benefit of Rs. 40 Crore which should have been passed on to the consumer was consumed by the manufacturer and the dealers across the VAT chain. The dealers have undoubtedly enriched themselves at the cost of the common man.”

History, as observed by CAG, will repeat again if no legal deterrent is there. Let us understand this preposition with an illustration in case of a Trader who purchased goods from a manufacturer:

Cost Sheet in Existing Tax Regime:

DescriptionAmount (INR)
Purchase Price of Goods (A)1,00,000
Excise Duty on Inputs @ 12.50% (B)12,500
Value Added Tax @ 5.50%6,188
Total Purchase Price1,18,688
Operational Exp. (Business Consumables & Services) (C)1,000
Tax on Operational/ Indirect Exp. (D)150
Total Cash Outflow 1,19,838
Sales Price for the dealer (E)1,25,000
Output Tax (VAT @ 5.50%)6,875
Total Cost to Consumer 1,31,875
Profit of Dealer (E – A – B – C – D)11,350
Total tax which govt. has received (CG + SG)19,525

Cost Sheet in GST Regime (If consumer prices don’t change):

DescriptionAmount (INR)
Purchase Price of Goods (A)1,00,000
GST @18%18,000
Total Purchase Price1,18,000
Operational Exp. (Business Consumables & Services) (B)1,000
Tax on Operational/ Indirect Exp180
Total Cash Outflow 1,19,180
Sales Price for the dealer (C)1,25,000
Total Cost to Consumer 1,47,500
Profit of Dealer (C – A – B)24000
Total tax which govt. has received (CG + SG)22,500

Present Tax Structure

Present Tax Structure

Tax Structure under GST

Tax Structure under GST


State TaxCentral Tax
  • State VAT
  • Central Sales Tax
  • Luxury Tax
  • Entry Tax (all forms)
  • Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except when levied by local bodies)
  • Taxes on Advertisements
  • Purchase Tax
  • Tax on lotteries, betting and gambling
  • State Surcharges and cesses
  • Central Excise Duty
  • Duties of Excise (Medical and Toilet Preparations)
  • Additional Duties of Excise (goods of special importance, Textiles and Textiles products)
  • CVD, SAD
  • Service Tax
  • Central surcharge and cesses

Salient Features of Proposed GST in India

  • GST will be a comprehensive indirect Tax levy on SUPPLY of Goods and Services
  • GST will subsume various Indirect Tax Levies in India (as discussed in previous slides)
  • Considering the Federal Structure of India where Centre as well as State have fiscal autonomy, it is decided to implement the DUAL STRUCTURE OF GST in India (The same is discussed in ensuing slides)
  • GST will increase the tax base by minimising the various exemptions which are currently being provided by Central and State Government
  • GST will ensure free flow of Goods across the nation
  • ‘Alcoholic Liquor for Human Consumption’ is outside the ambit of GST
  • Although Petroleum crude, high speed diesel, motor spirit(commonly known as petrol), natural gas and aviation turbine fuel is included in GST, however the GST on the same will be applicable from such date as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the council.

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